Cartography & photogrammetry are two branches of science related to surveying. You might be familiar with the term cartography, which is simply the science of creating maps. Of course, maps can be quite complex and there is usually nothing simple about taking the precise measurements needed to craft different types of maps.
Most of us probably know little about photogrammetry as it is a fairly new branch of science. Surveyors and cartographers will use clinometers and theodolites as well as other optical instruments to make calculations for mapmaking, but a photogrammetrist has to take measurements from photographs. For instance, perhaps you are measuring a mountain and using a photograph to help you with this process. With the help of satellite images, projective geometry and optics, a photogrammetrist can make these types of calculations.
Surveying technicians and mapping technicians are those who help surveyors, cartographers and photogrammertrists. The surveying technician will use optical instruments such as clinometers, theodolites and angle measuring tools. A mapping technician also might use these tools but also will be trained to use a variety of technology such as geographic information systems. While surveying technicians usually can learn their skills with on-the-job training, mapping technicians usually need to have formal training to learn to use the technology required for their job.
Landscape architecture might conjure up the image of someone who simply decides where to place plants and shrubbery in someone’s yard, but this profession is far more complex than that. Landscape architects use all sorts of optical tools, angle measuring tools and software to design land areas for private homeowners, public parks, college campuses, open space in planned communities and much more. They must create plans within a budget and take into consideration factors such as soil condition, water conservation, land usage and much more.
Civil engineering is yet another field that might be of interest to someone who is considering a surveying-related occupation. A civil engineer might work on projects such as road construction, bridge construction, airport construction or even the creation of dams or tunnels. You will definitely need strong surveying skills and probably will learn to use optical instruments such as the handy theodolite and perhaps a total station or clinometer as well as various computer programs.
Surveying & Beyond: Additional Occupations To Consider
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